Adh-Dhahirah Region

Steeped in history and tradition, effortlessly intertwined with some of nature's most charming vistas, Adh-Dhahirah Region constitutes a semi desert plain descending from the foothills of Westrn Hajr Mountains towards Empty Quarters Desert.

It is separated from Ad-Dakhliyah Region by Jabal Al-Kawr in the East and borders the United Arab Emirates in the North, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the West and Al-Wusta Region in the South.

Adh-Dhahirah is divided into 3 Wilayats and houses about 205 thousand inhabitant, with Ibri being the administrative centre.

Archaeological excavations revealed that ancient land routes have passed through Ibri, Wadi Al-Jizzi and Al-Hawanash with trade caravans using the Region as a resting place.

The people of Adh-Dhahirah are characterised by their regular performances of traditional dances and songs, ancient recitals and display of their swordsmanship, which keep alive tradition, legends of warriors and fought wars.

They are also artisan in their handicrafts, producing leather work, pottery, woven wickerwork and saddle bags especially for camels. Agriculture and animal rearing are also in practice.

Dhank occupies a prominent place in the history of Oman. The Farms around Falaj Al-Bazili in the West of the Wilayat are a testimony to its historical picture.

It was Imam Saif bin Sultan AI-Yarubi who constructed the Falaj and surrounded it with an expanse of plantations. Ibn Ar-Rumtha, on the other hand, built Al-Oud Fort in Safalat Al-Wahshi.

Other Popular tourist attractions in Dank include its spacious caves, Wadi Dhank, Wadi Al-Fath, Wadi Qumaira, the springs that nourish lush date plantations and six watchtowers.

The Wilayat of Ibri, 307 Km from Muscat, possibly gained its name from the Arabic root 'a-b-r', which suggests 'crossing' or 'traversing', indicating its location on some of the main trading caravan routes. Today, Ibri is popular for its oil and gas fields which provide the country with its main revenue.

However, Ibri is particularly known for its historical sites, like Bat Tombs dating back to 3000 BC, and its 400 year old Fort, with its engravings and embellishments, and in-house Friday Mosque.

Other prominent sites include As-Sulaif Castle and the Forts of Ash-Shahshah, Al-Aswad; built in 10th century AH and has four towers, Ad-Dareez; a major defensive fortress with two towers and several gates, Al-Iraqi and Al-Ghabi.

Likewise abundance and verity is also naturally observed in the Wilayat, such as the springs of Al-Hadithah and Al-Jenat, aflaj of Al-Mafjour, Al-Mab'outh, Al-Iraqi, Ad-Dareez and Al-Ainayn, Al-Kitten Cave with its ancient inscriptions, and Wadi Al-Ain, which encompasses the mountain of Al-Kur, with its striking scenary and cascaded waterfalls.

Ibri is a centre for craft weaving, and features a souq specialized in palm-frond products and woven camel saddles and bags. Agriculture, raring, crafting traditional building materials and Omani Halwa are also in practice here.

Yanqul is situated in the Northeast of the Sultanate, some 324 Km from Muscat, and is considered a 'transit station' between Adh-Dhahira and Al-Batinah Regions.

The most distinguished landmark in Yanqul is Jabal Al-Hawra; an eye-catching mountain peak adopted by the Wilayat as its emblem.

The area has a great deal to offer visitors: at the summit of Jabal Al-Khutaim, some 600 ft above surrounding plain, the panorama reveals a number of ancient ruins. Wadi Ar-Raki is a popular tourist location, with its fine scenery and wide variety of flora.

Traditional crafts in Yanqul include gold forging, sugar-making, carpentry and weaving.