Oman Dress Code :

Dress Code for Visitors:

The dress code is fairly liberal in Muscat, although decency is still expected. Women should wear, for example, tops with sleeves, and long skirts or trousers. Men are required to wear trousers and shirts with sleeves. Swimwear should be restricted to the beach or pools.


National Dress

Man Dress
Male dress is characterized by ease and adaptation to the surrounding environment. The national dress is ultimately a simple, ankle-length, collarless gown with long sleeves called a “dishdasha”.

At the rounded edge, where a traditional collar would be, the area is embellished by a narrow strip, the colour of which may differ from that of the dishdasha itself. Upon the chest drapes a tassel of entwined thread; “furakha” or “karkusha”, usually scented with perfume or frankincense.

Underneath the dishdasha, a plain piece of cloth is worn, covering the body from the waist down. Generally speaking, the most noted regional differences in dishdasha designs are the style with which they are embroidered, varying according to age group, with more detail included for the younger generation.

Two types of head dress are worn by Oman’s men, the “mussar” and “kummah”. The mussar is a square cut piece of finely woven wool or cotton fabric, of a single colour, with various patterns in the middle of the cloth. Coming in a spectrum of colours, the mussar is worn on official engagements and is wrapped around the head like a turban. The kummah is more like a ‘cap’ and is the head dress worn during unofficial timings. It is hand embroidered and comes in a plethora of colours and styles.


Omani Khanjar
The Khanjar (dagger) is worn in a leather sheath at the front of the body in a special belt, in a tradition unique to Oman. It is a symbol of a man's origin, his manhood and courage. National dress is not complete without it and men wear the khanjar at all public occasions and festivals.

The khanjar has played an important role in Oman's history and this fact is reflected in the incorporation of its image into the Omani National Flag.

The khanjar consists of the hilt, which is made of silver, or ivory in the case of the ancient weapons; the shaft, which is decorated with bands of silver or gold wire; and the blade. The leather sheath is often intricately embellished with floral or scrolled leaf filigree work.

Ex-circulation of silver coins are utilised, with one dagger taking more than one month to make. Inscription work carried out on the silver shaft is a very delicate process, and entails a highly specialised skill, one requiring excellent craftsmanship and precision. These techniques are passed down through generations, and it is this which sets them apart from other daggers of the region.

Good quality khanjars may cost between OMR 200-800. However, the Saidi Khanjar —attributed to the Royal Family, which is generally of pure silver and gold-plated— can cost much more. Other popluar khanjars include the Nizwany distinguished by its large size, the Sury and the Sohary.


Woman Dress
Omani women are distinguished from their Arab Gulf neighbors by their eye-catching national costumes, which distinctively vary from one region of the country to another. The choice of colours, particularly in the past, was linked to a tribe's tradition. However, all costumes demonstrate vivid colours and vibrant embroidery and decorations.

The components of the Omani women’s costume comprise:
The “dishdasha” or “kandoorah” is a long dress whose sleeves or “radoon” are adorned with hand stitched embroideries of various designs. A slit in the middle of the chest, usually red or purple, is also typical.

The dishdasha is worn over a pair of loose fitting trousers, tight at the ankles, and is known as a “sirwal”.

Women also wear a head shawl known by several names, “wiqaya,” “lisso” and “fatqah”. However, it is most commonly referred to as the “lihaf”.

In today’s fast paced world, the women of Oman are opting for practically and reserve wearing their traditional Dress for special occasions. In its place, a simple and convenient item of clothing is preferred. Women now choose to wear a loose black cloak called an “abaya” over their personal choice of clothing; whilst in some regions a face mask known as a “burqa” is still worn to this day.