Omanís unique story contains elements of great
moral strength, courage, heroism, maritime skills,
scholarship and hard work that have together molded the
sultanate into its present form.
By drawing our attention to the noble efforts of
distinguished Omanis, the historians who provide us with
a deeper understanding of the great wealth of human
experience that is at the foundation of modern Oman.
Oman occupies the far south-eastern corner of the
Arabian Peninsula, its geographical boundaries clearly
defined by nature from earliest times.
An understanding of Omanís place at the heart of the
Middle East and its relationship with the civilizations
and political entities around it is central to any
explanation of the political interactions which impact
on this region, both as far as internal dynamics are
concerned and externally in the context of the pressure
exercised by international power.
Wattia in the district of Muscat is the oldest human
settlement and dates to the Stone Age before more than
10,000 years old.
Babylon and Assyria were among
the first empires to control the Asian land trade from
the Arabian Gulf to the eastern shores of the
Mediterranean. Later the Persian Empire would emerge and
expand to gain influence over a vast area and control
the regionís trade.
Imamate reign started in Oman
since 751 by electing ibn Masoud as the first imam, and
lasted for four centuries ( until 1154 ).The Imamas Oman
was in the Nabhan period between the thirteenth and
fifteenth centuries AD, attempts to revive the Imamate
in Oman were renewed in the fifteenth century but these
attempts were permeated.
Between 1498 to 1507,
after Portugal had occupied the trading ports of East
Africa along with Aden. The Portuguese stranglehold,
which lasted for more than a century and a half, was to
fail because of Omanís spirited resistance, the
selection of Imam Nasir bin Murshid to the Imamate in
The Portuguese centers in India suffered
tremendously from the Omani strikes, Portuguese and the
Omanis engaged in bloody battles for the control of East
Africa, all the East African shores from Mombassa up to
Kilwa fell under Omani controlling 1698 AD the Omanis
conquered Mombassa and then entered Pemba, Zanzibar and
Patta, Mozambique was the Only country that resisted the
Omani Arab fleet, and it stayed under Portuguese control
until the twentieth century.
invasions were not to achieve their objective of
subduing Oman in view of the valiant resistance put up
by the Omanis, despite recurrent attempts in the period
from 1737-1744 AD, there are many noble aspects to
Omanís resistance to the Persian invasion in that period
and their ultimate victory over them at the hands of
Imam Ahmed bin Said Al-Busaidi who succeeded in ousting
the Persians from Oman and was elected Imam in 1744 AD,
In 1970 his Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said was
Crowning Glory of Oman, starting the modern age of Oman.