Oman Fact Sheet


Sultanate of Oman is the second largest country in the Arab peninsula which is situated in the South Eastern corner of the Arab Peninsula. It extends along a distance of about 3165 km from Hirmus Striates (North) to the Republic of Yemen borders (South). It overlooks 3 seas: Arabian Gulf, Oman Sea, and Arab Sea. The capital, Muscat, is situated in the northern part of the country.

Terrains in the Sultanate of Oman are characterized by plains, valleys and mountains. The coastal plains overlook Oman Sea and Arab Sea which exemplify about 3% of the total area. The mountains series constitute 15%. The remaining area which constitutes 82% is sand and desert in the south. Dhafar Mountains attract seasonal winds which create a distinct climate in the area.
 

 Head of State  HIS MAJESTY SULTAN QABOOS BIN SAID AL SAID
 Area  309,500 Km2.
 Population  2.773 million according to 2010 estimates
 Density of  population:  8.8 per square kilometre.
 Language  Arabic (official),
 English (widely spoken),
 German & French (most hotel staff).
 Religion:  Islam
 Capital  City of Muscat. (population over 1,090,797)
 Natural Resources  Petroleum, Natural Gas, Copper, Fishery,  Agriculture.
 Local Time  GMT +4.
 Currency  Omani Rial, which equates to $ 2.58.
 Shopping Hours  09:00 - 013:00 then 16:30 - 24:00.
 Electricity  220 - 240 Volts at 50 cycles.
 Measurements:  Metric System
 Population Growth Average:  6.4%
 Life Expectancy:  72 Year
 National Day:  Falls on November 18th every year
 Official holidays  The days vary according to the Hijrah year:  Prophet's birthday -
 Al Isra'a Wal mira'ag -Eid Al Fitr-Eid Al Adha & the New Hijrah year.
 Business Hours  Sunday to Thursday : 8:30 am to 5:30 pm with exception to
 Ramadhan during which work starts at (9 am to 2 pm)

 Private sector's official working hours from Saturday to Thursday
 ( according to company system ) (with exception to the Banking
 sector, some companies and Capital Market).