The Sultanate of Oman strategically occupies the south
eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula and lies between
Latitudes 16° 40' and 26° 20' North, and Longitudes 51°
50' and 59° 40' East.
The coastline extends 3,165 Km from the Strait of Hormuz
in the north, to the borders of the Republic of Yemen in
the south and overlooks three seas: the Arabian Gulf,
Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea.
The Sultanate borders Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the
West; the United Arab Emirates in the Northeast, the
Republic of Yemen in the Southwest; the Strait of Hormuz
in the North and the Arabian Sea in the East. It has
several islands such as Salama Island, Halanyat and
Masirah Islands in the Arabian Sea.
The total land area is approximately 309,500 Km2 and it
is the third largest country in the Arabian Peninsula.
The Musandam Peninsula forms the country's northern tip,
and includes the only coast the Sultanate has on the
Arabian Gulf. Musandam is just over 50 Km south of the
Islamic Republic of Iran across the Strait of Hormuz.
Oman possesses a rich diverse topography that divides
the country naturally into three distinct regions, each
with its own identity. These regions range from rugged
mountains and rocky deep water fjords in the North, to
the spectacular dunes of Sharqiyah (Wahiba) Sands and
two large salt flats in the Centre, to the lush green
hills of Dhofar region in the South, with rugged coasts
and placid beaches stretching along the 3,165 Km
The northern coastal strip along the Gulf of Oman is
known as the Batinah Coast; a narrow fertile plain
separated from the rest of the country by the Hajar
Mountains. The highest peak is Jabal Shams (Sun
Mountain) at 3,009 m. The southern slopes of the range
are notable for their oasis towns where date groves
flourish in the dry desert air.
In the south lies the second mountain range in Oman; the
Qara mountains, which attracts the light monsoon rains
during the mid-summer months, turning them green with
vegetation whose roots help delay the effects of
erosion, resulting in a soft rolling landscape more akin
to Central Africa. As in the north, a narrow fertile
coast plain lies between the mountains and the sea at
whose centre Salalah lies, surrounded by lush vegetable
farms and coconut groves.